Last Update: January 1, 2004
Col. Juan N. Seguin was and is a legendary figure as a leader in the Texas Revolution. He was and is an unsung hero of Texas. A legendary figure who has seldom been given credit for his and his families contributions in helping in the evolution of Texas as we now know it today.
This is to certify that Juan N. Seguin of Bexar presented himself to me at the camp of the volunteer army at the Salado on the 24 of October, and offered his services as a volunteer in defense of the rights and liberties of Texas.
I gave him the appointment of Captain of a volunteer company of the native Mexicans which he raised. This company although not a full one, was very efficient in the cause - He intercepted two expresses from the interior to Gen. Cos which were of the highest importance and Capt. Seguin and his men were at all times ready and willing to go on any service they were ordered they uniformly acquinted themselves to their credit as patriots and soldiers.
I also recommend the first Lt. of said company, Salvador Flores, and Viciente Zepeda a private - The latter discoved and took there of the expresses to Cos above mentioned.
I give this certificate for the purposes which the interested parties may deem necessary.
Head Quarters before Bexar
November 24, 1835
Com. in Chief of the
This monument was erected and dedicated in 1936 by the Centenial Commission and placed on the old San Antonio road which I understand was taken over by the rail road. The monument has since been moved to the (new) old 281 highway (business route) leading into Floresville from San Antonio 281 highway. Driving into Floresville the monument is located in on the right hand side of the two lane highway.
Note: The following information was taken from an article written In The San Antonio EXPRESS/NEWS-Sunday, March 16,1969. The article was entitled "Seguin's Mansion Now only Rubble, By Fane Burt, Staff Writer.
FLORESVILLE - Weary travelers were always welcome at the big white house on a hill overlooking the San Antonio River. Impatient teamsters slowly moving their heavily laden ox wagons from the coast toward San Antonio knew the worst part of their trip was over when the big house loomed in the distance. Hardy German immigrants, making their was to their new homes in Castroville, New Braunfels and Frederricksburg saw the stone house as a symbol of civilization in the wilderness and compared it favorably to a castle on the Rhine. For more than a century Casa Blanca, the ranch home of the Legendary Don Erasmo Seguin was a landmark on the coast. Over the years literally thousands, ranging from grimy teamsters to Stephen F. Austin, enjoyed the hospitality of Don Erasmo at the sturdy stone structure located about 33 miles south of San Antonio.
Today all that is left of Casa Blanca is a pile of stones hidden in the brush atop a hill along the old ruts where the road once ran. Somewhere nearby in a long-lost grave are the bones of Don Erasmo, the first alcalde of Bexar and one of Texas' first patriots.
Don Erasmo was born in San Ferdando - now San Antonio, on May 26, 1782, into one of the city's oldest and noblest families. His Grandfather had settled in San Antonio in 1722, only four years after the founding of the presidio of San Antonio de Valero. Christened Juan Jose Erasmo Maria de Jesus Seguin, young Erasmo grew to manhood in the fading days of Spanish America. Seguin first showed his friendship to the United States in 1813 when he intervened with the Spanish authories to save the lives of the fleeing Americans following the Battle of the Medina River. His efforts on behalf of the Americans led to his arrest and trial on a charge of treason, of which he was acquitted.
Becoming one of the leading citizens of San Antonio and the first alcalde when the Department of Bejar was organized, Don Erasmo was instrumental in securing from the Spanish government the empresario grant for Moses F. Austin. Named as commissioner to the colonist in 1821, Seguin materially aided Stephen F. Austin and others in settling the American immigrants in East Texas. It was Seguin who saved many of the colonists from economic ruin by finding a loophole in the Mexican antislaverly laws that allowed the colonists to keep their slaves.
The busy Don Erasmo also served as the Texas Deputy in the national Mexican Congress, dividing his time between the colonies in East Texas, his home and business interests in San Antonio, his ranch near present day Floresville and his trips to Mexico City for sessions of congress.
A longtime political foe of Gen Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna........ Later Don Erasmo used his influence in Mexico to secure the release of Austin, who returned to Texas convinced that the colonists must declare their independence from Mexico.
When Santa Anna sent his brother-in-law- Gen. Martin P. de Cos, to take control of Texas, one of Cos' first acts after reaching San Antonio was to remove Don Erasmo as post-master. Cos also confiscated Seguin's property in San Antonio including his saddle horse.
Knowing that war was near Don Erasmo walked the 33 miles to his ranch and quietly moved his family to East Texas.
Returning to the ranch, Don Erasmo freely gave the cattle and crops from his ranch to supply the gathering Texas army, and encouraged the other ranchers along the river also to help the Texans. He was busily engaged in this task in February, 1836, when his grandson, Blas Herrera, rode all night to San Antonio to report that Santa Anna at the head of a huge army had crossed into Texas.
As the Texans retreated eastward in front of Santa Anna's legions, Don Erasmo was along with a herd of sheep so that the Texas Army would not go hungry.
But Don Erasmo's service in the war was overshadowed by that of his son, the famed Col. Juan Nepomuceno Seguin for whom the Guadalupe County seat was name. Juan Seguin was one of Texas greatest patriots and heroes. but later became known - perhaps - unjustly as its Benedict Arnold. It was Juan Seguin who gave a military funeral and Christian burial to the charred remains of the defenders of the Alamo.
After the war Don Erasmo returned to Casa Blanca and spent the next few years trying to recoup the fortune. He happily lived the life of a country gentleman, running his ranch and being host to the travelers along the road........There at Casa Blanca he died on November 7,1857, and was buried in the family plot on the ranch.
A Texas centennial marker that stands along the business route of U.S. Hwy. 181 about three miles north of Floresville briefly tells the story of Casa Blanca. A short distance away on a farm belonging to Robert A. Wiseman Jr., a Floresville banker, are the ruins of Casa blanca and the long lost graves of Don Erasmo Seguin and several members of his family.
R. A. Wiseman Sr., also of Floresville, who owned the farm....years before selling ...his son, said that the grave's already were lost when he bought the land in 1913. He recalled that members of the Seguin family and others came looking for the graves many years ago, but were unable to find them. Some believe that the burial plot was obliterated when the San Antonio and Aransas Pass Railroad tracks were laid across the property in 1885, the senior Wiseman said. Casa Blanca stood until 1942, when a windstorm finally toppeled the crumbling landmark.
note: according to one of many verbal history lessons passed down the generations, Don Erasmo's wife Dona Josefa Augustina Bercerra was also buried there on Casa Blanca. Not only were there other family members buried in that family cemetery, there were also numerious servants and their families buried there as well.
I address myself to the American people; to that people impetuous, as the whirlwind, when aroused by the hypocritical clamors of designing men, but just, impartial and composed, whenever men and facts are submitted to their judgment.
I have been the object of the hatred and passionate attacks of some few disorganisers, who, for a time, ruled, as masters, over the poor and oppressed population of San Antonio. Harpy-like, ready to pounce on everything that attracted the notice of their rapacious avarice, I was an obstacle to the execution of their vile designs. They, therefore, leagued together to exasperate and ruin me; spread against me malignant calumnies, and made use of odious machinations to sully my honor, and tarnish my well earnedreputation.
A victim to the wickedness of a few men, whose imposture was favored by their origin, and recent domination over the country; a foreigner in my native land; could I be expected stoically to endure their outrages and insults? Crushed by sorrow, convinced that my death alone would satisfy my enemies, I sought for a shelter amongst those against whom I had fought; I separated from my country, parents, family, relatives and friends, and what was more, from the institutions, on behalf of which I had drawn my sword, with an earnest wish to see Texas free and happy.
In that involuntary exile, my only ambition was to devote my time, far from the tumult of war, to the support of my family, who shared in my sad condition.
Fate, however, had not exhausted its cup of bitterness. Thrown into a prison, in a foreign country, I had no alternative left, but to linger in a loathsome confinement, or to accept military service. On one hand, my wife and children, reduced to beggary and separated from me; on the other hand, to turn my arms against my own country. The alternative was sad, the struggle of feelings violent; at last the father triumphed over the citizen; I seized a sword that galled my hand. (Who amongst my readers will not understand my situation?) I served Mexico; I served her loyally and faithfully; I was compelled to fight my own countrymen, but I was never guilty of the barbarous and unworthy deeds of which I am accused by my enemies.
Ere the tomb closes over me and my cotemporaries, I wish to lay open to publicity this stormy period of my life; I do it for friends as well as for my enemies, I challenge the latter to contest, with facts, the statements I am about to make, and I leave the decision unhesitatingly to the witnesses of the events".......
1834, July, Juan Seguin served as "Gefe Politico" (territorial governor) of Texas from July 8, 1834 until December 31, 1834..
1834, October 13, Juan Seguin had issued a circular in which this was the date that had been set for delegates from every municipality to have met. Seguin was dissatisfied with the reactionary designs of General Santa Anna, who at the time was President of the Republic of Mexico. Seguin endeavored to overthrow the Federal System of the Mexican Republic. When the dictator Santa Ana repudiated the Mexican Constitution of 1824, thereby repudiating the rights of all Mexican citizens. Juan Seguin called the first revolutionary meeting to protest the tyranny. He also called the meeting in an effort to establish a provisional government until the settlement of the Saltillo-Montclova dispute. He issused a circular in which he urged every municipality in Texas to appoint delegates to a convention that was to meet in San Antonio on October 13, 1834, for the purpose of taking into consideration the impending dangers and for divising the means to avert these dangers. It was at this meeting that a call was issued for a Constitutional Convention to meet on November 15, 1834. However, owing to limited communications and time, and also the fact that Stephen F. Austin was in Mexico at the time, many of the Texans were afraid of causing injury to him thus failed to respond. Yet another reason that they did not go to the convention was because the Mexican government ordered Colonel Jose Maria Mendoza to march his forces from Matamoros to San Antonio and prevent the delegates from attending the meeting. Juan Seguin was reprimanded and later punished by General Cos for his part in the Convention.
1835, February, Seguin advised that he would turn over the office to Ramon Musquiz on March 1, 1835.(Chabot 123).
1835, April, Seguin was elected commander of a State Militia, (National Guard) and sent to Montclova from the District of Bejar to protect the Legislature of Coahuila and Tejas from General Cos, the centralist activities of Santa Ana and his supporters. Of the three Texas departments, (districts), Bejar, Brazos, and Nacogdoches requested help, only the Bejar Militia of twenty-five men led by Seguin responded. Col. Benjamin R. Milam and Major John K. Allen were reported to efficiently assist Seguin on their encounters with the troops of Santa Anna.
1835, September, Stephen F. Austin takes on leadership of Texas, General Cos heads for Texas from Mexico
1835, Juan Seguin is appointed Captain in the new Texas Army by Commander and Chief , Stephen F. Austin
1835, October 2, Battle of Gonzales opens firing war over a canon previously loan to Gonzales, from the Mexican Government, to protect themselves from the Indians.
1835, October, Juan Seguin continues to oppose Gen. Santa Anna.. Juan Seguin had already recruited volunteers against Mexico from the ranches of the lower San Antonio. Before the first shot of the revolution was fired on October 2, 1835. It was at this point that Seguin was convienced that the beginning of the revolution was very close.
1835, October 13, Juan Seguin reported to General Stephen F. Austin on the Salado Creek at the crossing of the Gonzales Road and joined forces with Ausin his small army. It was at this time that Juan Seguin and General Sam Houston met and became friends.
1835, October, General Cos occupies San Antonio,
1835, October 28, Battle of Concepion; Captain Seguin fought alongside Jim Bowie. The battle last only 30 minutes and the Texans occupy the mission as their camping ground.
1835, October, Juan Seguin manages foraging expeditions, influences many of Cos' soldiers to desert to the Texas cause, and gains valuable information for the Texas forces.
1835, November 24, Austin, as Commander-and-Chief of the Texas Army, "conferred the appointment" of "Captain" upon Seguin.
1835, November, Opposition to Santa Anna stated in "Declaration of Causes".
1835, Seguin fights alongside Jim Bowie at the Battle of Concepcion; then rushed to join in the Grass Fight south of San Antonio to slow down the pace of Santa Anna's invading Army. 1835, November 26, The Grass Fight.
1835, December 5, Siege of Bexar, Juan Seguin fought alongside 160 Tejano ranchers and other Texas Volunteers who were led by Placido Benavides and Juan Antoio Padilla, attack General Cos' troops in the Siege of Bexas. On the morning of the 9th the Texans observe a white flag flying from the Alamo. General Cos Surrenders and agrees to parole his army by withdrawing it south of the Rio Grande. The Siege of Bexar is crucial in the revolution for it denotes "No Turning Back" for the Texans seeking independence. It brings Santa Anna at the head of his army to retake San Antonio and Texas, and men indecisive about their future as Mexican citizens or Texans are moved irrevocably toward independence.
1835, December 20, Goliad Declaration of Independence; Jose Maria Jesus Carvajal is one of the signers of this declaration which states that Texas ought to be a "free, sovereign, and independent State," and the signers pledge their lives, fortunes and honor to sustain their cause.
1835-1836 Santa Anna puts down uprisings in the Mexican states of Yucatan and Zacatecas and advances on Texas.
1836, January, Juan Seguin, following orders reported to Travis in San Antonio. However, Travis was distrustful of Juan Seguin because of his Spanish Heritage and Seguin's friendship with James Bowie.
1836, Juan Seguins' scouts, Herrera and Cassiano alert the Texans of the arrival of elements of the Mexican Army at Laredo and Guerrero.
1836, The advance Guard of Santa Anna's troops was sighted near San Antonio which alerted the small detachment of defenders to quickly regroup on the grounds of the Alamo. Once there, the small unit of Texans immediately prepared their defense of the mission against the attacking troops of Gen. Cos that were soon to be dramatically increased by the much larger forces of General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna.
1836, Delegates at Washington-on-the-Brazos declare Texas independence while Texans battle Santa Anna's troops at the Alamo.
1836, February 22, Seguin along with his volunteers fall back into the Alamo as Defenders, upon Santa Anna 's army taking over San Antonio.
1836, February 23, The battle of the Alamo begins and last for 13 days. Captain Seguin defends the Alamo Mission alongside Bowie, Crocket, Travis and the men that had come to Texas seeking their wealth, land and a new start in a new land.
1836, March 5, Colonel Travis orders Juan Seguin, an expert horseman to proceed with a communication to Colonel Fannin requesting assistance from him. Seguin met with General Houston at Gonzales, who ordered Captain Salvador Flores,(Seguin's brother-in-law) with twenty five of Seguins Company to the lower ranches on the San Antonio to protect the inhabitants. The message that Travis sent from the Alamo was the most comprehensive and detail to leave the Alamo. For this important mission, Bowie had lent his fine horse to Seguin. As Seguin turned upon the Gonzales road, he was accosted by a Mexican scouting party and asked, "who goes there?" and he replied, "one good Mexican" and rode swiftly with their important message. (Seguin-Gazette). Juan Seguin delivered his message and returned to the Guadalupe where he rallied more Tejanos', then attempted to overtake Kimball's Gonzales men. Being to late to go to the Alamo with those men, they waited on the Goliad road for Fannin's three hundred men. However, their wait was in vain.
1836, March 6, in a final assault lasting only ninety minutes, the Alamo falls. Santa Anna orders the burning of the bodies of all the Texans and demands they find Juan Seguin's body, "Where is Seguin, I want Seguin!" so declares Santa Anna.
1836, The Run-Away-Scrape occurred when it was learned that the Alamo had fallen, Seguin warns Texas Citizens who are in the path of the ensuing Mexican Army. This may be one reason Juan Seguin has also been called "The Paul Revere of Texas."
1836, March, After the fall of the Alamo on March 6, 1836, Santa Anna and his victorious forces marched through Juan Seguin's ranch destroying much of the ranch and other property. This occurred while Seguin, with a small army of his native countrymen, was with General Sam Houston trying to draw Santa Ana and his forces east of all the rivers of Texas. These attempts resulted in the famous battle of San Jacinto on April 21, 1836.
1836, March, Battle of Coleto,
1836, March 27, Massacre at Goliad, by order of Santa Anna, 342 Texans are executed at Goliad. Largely through the efforts of Senora Francisca Alvarez as many as 20 Texan soldiers are either spared or saved when she hides them. This "high bred beauty" is revered with the title "The Angel of Goliad."
1836, April 21, General Rusk and Captain Juan N. Seguin have dinner in Seguin's tent.
1836, April 21, Battle of San Jacinto, Captain Juan N. Seguin commanded the Cavalry Company of Tejano's, of the 2nd Regiment of Texas during the victory over Santa Anna's Army
1836, Juan Seguin is charged with the task to oversee the orderely evacation of the Mexican army from Texas.
1836, Captain Seguin with his army re-enters San Antonio to accept the formal surrender of the Mexican forces stationed there under the command of Lt. Francisco Castaneda, the same officer involved in the opening skirmish in the Battle of Gonzales over the return of the canon. 1836, September 17, Captain Seguin promoted to Lieutant Colonel by The President of the Republic of Texas, David G. Burnet, who expressed his "special trust in the courage, patrotism and ability of Lt. Col. Juan N. Seguin".
1837, The burning of San Antonio is order by Texas General Felix Huston who arrived in Texas after the Battle at San Jacinto. Seguin is successful in his appeal to his friend Sam Houston to rescind the order, hence earning Col. Seguin the recognition and "The Savior of San Antonio". 1839, Led a company of Tejanos in the campaign against the maurauding Indians.
1839, Senator Juan N. Seguin presented a bill that established a mail route from Austin to San Antonio.
1839, Colonel Seguin honored by the citizens of Walnut Springs who voted to change the name of their community to "Seguin" because of his service to Texas before and during it's heoic struggle for Independence.
1837-1840, Col. Seguin is elected to the 2nd, 3rd and 4th Congresses of the Republic of Texas. Senator Seguin pens a Bill requiring all Laws to be written in both English and Spanish. He held high his views the Republic's law should protect all citizens and that there can be no doubt as to the rights an individual enjoys, and equally important what his responsibilities are, as a citizen of Texas.
1841 - 1842 Mayor of San Antonio.
1850's, Election Precinct Chariman.
1850's, Co-founder of the Democratic Party in Bexas County.
1852, Elected two terms as Bexar County Justice of the Peace, (his father Don Erasmo had also been elected Justice of the Peace cira 1838.)
1869, Senator, Juan N. Seguin was elected Wilson County Judge.
1874, October 13, Recognized as a Texas Independence War Hero by the Texas Legislature and awarded a life time pension. 1889, Senator, Colonel, Judge, Citizen Juan N. Seguin succumbs to illness and dies in Nuevo Laredo Mexico, just across the border from his beloved Texas. He knew he was very ill and dying and decided to make the long journey back home to Texas from Saltillo Mexico. His son and grandchildred convinced him to rest a few days in their home in Nuevo Laredo and then continue his journey back home, home, to Texas.
The Ballet says, "My body died in Mexico but my spirit made it home to Texas."
1976, Juan Nepomuceno Seguin, remains were brought to Texas and buried in Seguin Texas, the City that bears his name.
"At noon , General Rusk came to partake of dinner in my tent. When he had done eating he asked me if the Mexicans were not in the habit of
taking a siesta at the hour. I answered in the affirmative adding, moreover, that in such cases they kept their main and advanced guards under
arms with a line of sentinels. General Rusk observer that he thought so too, however the moment seemed to him favorable to attack the enemy.
He added: "Do you feel like fighting?" I answered that I was always ready and willing to fight, upon which the general rose, saying: "Well, let us
go!" I made my dispositions at once. The general proceeded along the line speaking to the captains, and our force was soon under arms. Generals Houston and Rusk delivered short addresses, and we formed in line of battle in front of the enemy. My company was in the left wing, under
Colonel Sidney Sherman. We marched out onto the prairie and were met by a column of infantry, which we drove back briskly. Before engaging
that column, we had dispersed an ambuscade that had opened fire against us within pistol shot. The entire enemy line, panic struck, took to flight.
We were already on the bank of the river in pursuit of the fugitives when my attention was called to a Mexican officer who, emerging from the
river where he had kept himself concealed, gave himself up and requested me to spare his life. Proteced by weeds and grass, he seemed afraid to
leave his shelter because of the fire which was being maintained against the fugitives. I ordered those who were close to me to cease firing, an
order which was extented along the line to a considerable distance. Then the officer who had addressed me came out, followed by Colonels Juan
Maria Bringas, Juan N. Almonte, Dias, and quite a number of other officers.
On my way to the camp with the prisoners, an officer named Sanchez conducted me to a place where $25,000.00 had been concealed. I reached the camp at dark and presented my prisoners to the general, who congratulated me, and I reported to him the discovery of the money. Colonel John Forbes was at once detailed to go and bring it in.
On this great and glorious day my company was conspicuous for efficiency and gallantry yet we did not lose one single man, to the surprise of those who had witnessed our honorable and perilous situation".
Maria Perez Cabrera: Wife of above, daughter of Domingo and Maria Perez, native of Lancerota, about 42 years old, good figure, long face, thin nose, light green eyes, black hair and eyebrows.
Patricio Rodriguez: Son of the above, native of Lancerota about 15 years old, medium height, slender, light grey eyes, thin face, chestnut hair and eyebrows.
It was March 9, 1731, when a group of travel-weary men, women and children arrived at the Presidio San Antonio de Bejar. They came to the northern frontier of New Spain - Tejas, to establish the first civil settlement in Tejas.
They had been traveling for almost a year. Some who had sailed with the group from the Spanish Canary Islands across the Atlantic to New Spain died of Illness, a few remained in the Southern part of New Spain, (now called Mexico), and three births were registered en route.
Those who completed the vovage and the trip to San Antonio de Bejar, contributed to the cultural heritage of Texas as we have come to know it today. They brought with them a rich Spanish culture which they adapted to their new enviroment. That culture and history are the foundations of a Hispanic heritage not only of San Antonio and Texas, but of all the Southwestern part of what is now the United States from Florida to California. Their contributions continue to influence and permeate the whole nation to this very day.
Point of Reference: Juan N. Seguin's wife, Maria Gertrudis Eusevia Flores was the daughter of Jose Antonio Flores and Maria Antonia Rodriguez who was the daugher of Salvador Rodriguez(2) son of Patricio Rodriguez, who was the son of Salvador Rodriguez(1) of the above mentioned family that traveled to New Spain from the Canary Islands.
Let me see if I can simplify this just a bit. According to the PAF relationship calculator, Albert Seguin Carvajal Gonzales is the 7th great grandson of Salvador Rodiguez(1).
Note: Part of this information was gathered from a Guide for Texas, K-12 workbook entitled "San Antonio The First Civil Settlement in Texas" produced by the "Canary Islands Descendants Association" based in San Antonio, Texas. A complete list of the original 16 families can be found in that workbook.